Common types of bills of lading

Release time 2020-05-27 11:56:10 37 times viewed
The bill of lading is a document required for international trade transportation, and is one of the valid documents for customs declaration of marine goods. According to different classification standards, bills of lading can be divided into many types, such as named bills of lading, instruction bills of lading, intermodal bills of lading, etc. So, what are the materials required for these bills of lading and their respective roles? Let's take a look together.



The bill of lading consignee's header
Registered bill of lading (Straight B / L)
Also known as the consignee's bill of lading, it refers to a bill of lading in which the name of the consignee has been specified in the consignee column on the bill of lading. The goods recorded in the bill of lading can only be picked up by the specific consignee on the bill of lading, or the carrier can only deliver the goods to the consignee specified on the bill of lading at the port of discharge.

Unsigned bill of lading(Bearer B/L,or Open B/L,or Blank B/L)
The consignee column on the bill of lading does not specify any consignee, but the words "Bearer" (Bearer) or leave this column blank, do not fill in the name of the bill of lading. This bill of lading does not require any endorsement procedures to transfer or extract the goods, which is extremely simple.

Instruction bill of lading(Order B/L)
Refers to a bill of lading with the words "to Order" or "to the Order of" in the consignee column of the bill of lading. The former is called a bearer order bill of lading, and the carrier should deliver the goods according to the shipper's instructions; the latter is called a bearer order bill of lading, and the carrier delivers the goods according to the instructions of the named instructor.

Whether the goods have been loaded on board
Shipped bill of lading(Shipped B/L,or On Board B/L)
Refers to the bill of lading issued by the carrier or its authorized agent to the shipper based on the mate's receipt after the goods are loaded on board. If the carrier issues a bill of lading that has been loaded, it is to confirm that he has loaded the goods on board.

For shipment bill of lading(Received for Shipment B/L)
It is a bill of lading issued by the carrier at the request of the shipper when it receives the goods from the shipper but has not been loaded on the ship.

According to whether there are comments on the bill of lading
Clean bill of lading(Clean B/L)
Refers to a bill of lading in which the goods are in good condition when they are loaded on the ship, the carrier has not added any damage to the goods, the packaging is not good, or other notes that hinder the settlement of the foreign exchange.

Unclean bill of lading(Unclean B/L or Foul B/L)
Unclean B / L or foul B / L refers to the bill of lading on which the carrier has marked the goods and packaging with poor or defective conditions, such as moisture, oil stains, stains, corrosion, etc.

According to different transportation methods
Direct B / L(Direct B/L)
Refers to the bill of lading issued by the cargo directly to the unloading port for unloading after being loaded from the loading port, without going to the ship.

Transshipment Bill of Lading (Transhipment B / L)
Refers to the full bill of lading issued by the carrier at the port of shipment before the goods have to be transshipped midway to reach the destination port.

Intermodal bill of lading (Through B / L)
Refers to the goods that have to be transported by two or more modes of transportation (Sea land, sea river, sea air, sea and sea, etc.), after the first carrier (the carrier of the first voyage) collects the whole freight, the place of departure issues a bill of lading for the whole journey to the destination port. Although the intermodal bill of lading includes the entire transportation, the carrier of each course of issuing the bill of lading is only responsible for the cargo damage incurred during the voyage of its own transportation. This type of bill of lading is the same as the transshipment bill of lading.

Multimodal transport bill of lading (MultimodaL Transport B / L or Intermodal Transport B / L)
Multimodal transport bill of lading (MultimodaL Transport B / L or Intermodal Transport B / L)

According to the simplified and traditional contents of the bill of lading
 Long Form B/L(Long Form B/L)
Relative to the simple bill of lading, it refers to the bill of lading except the printed bill of lading format on the front of the bill of lading. Because of the many clauses, it is also known as "Traditional Bill of Lading".

Short Form (Short Form B/L,or Simple B/L)
Also known as short bill of lading, abbreviated bill of lading, is relative to the full bill of lading, is to refer to the back of the bill of lading not about the carrier and shipper and consignee between the rights and obligations of the bill of lading and other detailed provisions.

According to the time of issue of bill of lading
Reverse bill of lading
Refers to the bill of lading issued by the carrier at the request of the shipper.

Bill of lading(Post-date B/L)
Refers to the cargo after shipment. The carrier or the shipping agent shall, at the request of the cargo owner, take the bill of lading dated after the date of actual shipment of the bill of lading as the date of issuance of the bill of lading.

Advance bill of lading(Advanced B/L)
Refers to the shipment period and delivery settlement period stipulated in the letter of credit has arrived, the cargo owner failed to prepare the goods in time or the shipment has not been completed, or due to the shipping company's reasons. The shipped bill of lading issued in advance by the carrier or its agent at the request of the shipper. All liabilities arising from the advance of the bill of lading shall be borne by the issuer of the bill of lading.

Expired bill of lading(Stale B/L)
It is pointed out that the exporter failed to go to the bank in time after obtaining the bill of lading, or that the billing period specified by the bank was not negotiated to form an expired bill of lading, which is also commonly called a deferred bill of lading.

According to the charging method
Freight Prepaid B/L(Freight Prepaid B/L)
The CIF and CFR conditions in the transaction price are freight prepaid, and the freight must be prepaid when the goods are shipped according to the regulations. Bill of lading issued in the case of freight prepaid.

Freight collect bill of lading (Freight to Collect B / L)
Refers to the bill of lading indicating that the freight paid by the consignee at the port of destination, and the freight bill is stated on the bill of lading, otherwise it cannot fight the consignee.

Freight collect bill of lading (Freight to Collect B / L)
Refers to the bill of lading indicating that the freight paid by the consignee at the port of destination, and the freight bill is stated on the bill of lading, otherwise it cannot fight the consignee.

Different division according to bill of lading
1. The bill of lading issued by the shipping company: usually a bill of lading for the whole container
2. Bill of lading issued by a non-vessel carrier (NVOCC B / L): A bill of lading issued by a freight forwarding company or logistics company with its own carrier as the carrier and a cargo transportation contract signed with the shipper.

Other special bills of lading
1. Consolidated bill of lading (Omnibus B / L)
Consolidated bill of lading that combines different kinds of goods on the same bill of lading at the request of the shipper.
2. Combined B / L(Combined B/L)
Refers to two or more batches of the same variety, quality, loading port and unloading port, but belonging to different consignees of liquid bulk cargoes and loaded in 1 same liquid cargo tank and each consignee bill of lading signed with the 'Consolidated Terms' stamp on it.
3. Separate bill of lading (Separate B / L): refers to the bill of lading that subdivides the same batch of goods on the packing list into two or more batches issued separately.
4. Exchange bill of lading (Switch B / L): refers to another set of bills of lading reissued based on the original bill of lading. Under the condition of direct transportation, at the request of the shipper, the carrier undertakes to reissue another set of ports at the agreed port of departure based on the bill of lading issued at the port of departure.
5. On Deck B / L: Also known as deck bill of lading. This refers to the bill of lading when the goods are loaded on the open deck for carriage and the words "On Deck" are marked on the bill of lading.
6. Parcel Receipt B / L: refers to a bill of lading issued in the form of a parcel of goods shipped in the form of a parcel. This is a bill of lading set by the carrier according to the special needs of trade, and the weight must not exceed 45kg.
7. Container bill of lading (Container B / L): refers to the bill of lading issued for shipping containers. It is the main freight document under container cargo transportation. The operator responsible for container transportation or his agent issues the bill of lading to the shipper after receiving the container cargo.